What is McKinney-Vento?


The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (McKinney-Vento Act) (42 U.S.C. § 11431-11435) is federal legislation that ensures the educational rights and protections of children and youths experiencing homelessness. It requires all local educational agencies (LEAs) to ensure that homeless students have access to the same free, appropriate public education, including public preschools, as provided to other children and youths. The McKinney-Vento Act defines LEAs as public school districts, direct-funded and locally funded charter schools, and county offices of education. The McKinney-Vento Act also authorizes the funding for the federal Education for Homeless Children and Youths Program.

Student Rights

Your preschool and school-aged children have the following rights or protections under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act:

  • To go to school, no matter where they live or how long they have lived there.
  • To remain in the school they attended before they became homeless or the last school they attended.
  • To receive transportation to school and to school programs.
  • To attend a school and participate in school programs with children who are not homeless.
  • To enroll without giving a permanent address.
  • To enroll and attend classes while the school arranges for the transfer of required school documents.

Family Resource Centers:

  • Avenal: 559-386-2826
  • Corcoran: 559-992-5880
  • Hanford: 559-589-2689
  • Lemoore: 559-924-6407

The McKinney-Vento Act defines homeless children and youth as individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.

This definition also includes:

  • Children and youth who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason.
  • Children and youth who may be living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, shelters.
  • Children and youth who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.
  • Children and youth who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings, or
  • Migratory children who qualify as homeless because they are children who are living in similar circumstances listed above.